Difference between revisions of "Portsdown 2019"

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The 2019 Portsdown is significantly different to previous versions in that the system no longer uses the custom built Filter Modulator card which has been replaced with an off the shelf LimeSDR Mini.
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The Portsdown 2019 DATV system has been designed to provide an easy way to “get on air” with Digital ATV at a relatively low cost, covering all of the commonly used modes, thus enabling it to be used not only on ATV repeaters but also for RB-TV DX working.  
  
The LimeSDR Mini plugs in to the Raspberry Pi USB port, preferably via a powered USB hub and produces an RF outut from ~ 30MHz to 4GHz.
+
Although still supported, the Portsdown 2019 system is no longer under active development.  The Portsdown 2020 system provides some better features, at the expense of some older features which are no longer supported; full details here [[Portsdown 2020]].
  
Overall the LimeSDR Mini is similar in cost to the FM board as you no longer need an ADF4351 LO module and an LO filter PCB and is available from the BATC shop https://batc.org.uk/shop/limesdr-mini/
+
The 2019 Portsdown is significantly different to previous versions in that the system no longer uses the custom built Filter Modulator card which has been replaced with an off-the-shelf LimeSDR Mini.  Overall the LimeSDR Mini is similar in cost to the F-M board as you no longer need an ADF4351 LO module and an LO filter PCB.
  
===Portsdown 2018===
+
The LimeSDR Mini plugs in to the Raspberry Pi USB port, preferably via a powered USB hub and produces an RF output from ~ 30MHz to 3.5GHz.
If you would still like an FM board, we suggest you post on the wanted section of the forum -  https://forum.batc.org.uk/viewforum.php?f=14 - or blank PCBs for home construction are available here - [https://batc.org.uk/shop/portsdown-transmitter-filter-modulator-board-blank-pcb/ BATC shop item 10].
 
  
All the wiki information on previous version of Portsdown are available here...
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This guide is in a number of sections which cover detailed descriptions for hardware and software, how to build and configure the system, some advanced features and an FAQ.
  
 
===Specification===
 
===Specification===
  
 +
The Portsdown 2019 will accept video input from a composite video source, the Pi camera, some WebCams or integrated stored test cards.  It will then encode these as MPEG-2 or H264 with stereo audio.  Note that video sources must be connected during boot-up.
 +
 +
* Frequency range - Using a LimeSDR Mini it will transmit DATV on frequencies between 30 MHz and 3.5 GHz. 
 +
 +
* Power output - Typical power output varies with frequency and is plotted here: [[LimeSDR_Mini_Output_Power_Levels]].  The power output level can be increased and leveled off the frequency range by using a Portsdown 8 way RF switch on the output.
 +
 +
* Transmission modes - DVB-S and DVB-S2 modes are available from the LimeSDR Mini, with QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK and 32APSK. 
 +
 +
* Symbol rate - Due to the limited processing power and USB capability of the RPi, symbol rates are generally limited to 1MS and below (down to 66 KS), but some H264 modes will work at 2MS.  Note the LimeSDR Mini hardware is capable of higher symbol rates when used with DATV Express software.
  
 
===Hardware System Diagram===
 
===Hardware System Diagram===
  
Here is the latest system diagram.  Note that only one of the displays is required; either the 3.5 inch or 7 inch and the digital variable attenuator is only required if you want fine (<3 dB steps) control over your PA drive levels.  The Lime Gain control on the Portsdown can be used to set the coarse output level.
+
Here is the latest system diagram.  Note that only one of the displays is required; either the 3.5 inch or 7 inch; the digital variable attenuator is only required if you want fine (<3 dB steps) control over your PA drive levels.  The Lime Gain control on the Portsdown can be used to set the coarse output level.
  
[[File:20190120 Portsdown 2019 Block.jpg|960px]]
+
[[File:20190511 Portsdown 2019 Block.jpg|960px]]
  
 
===Building the system===
 
===Building the system===
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The Portsdown 2019 uses the majority of the 2018 Portsdown hardware.
 
The Portsdown 2019 uses the majority of the 2018 Portsdown hardware.
 
*[[Portsdown2019 hardware]] Detailed description of the Portsdown 2019 hardware and a '''shopping list of what you need to buy and where to buy it'''.
 
*[[Portsdown2019 hardware]] Detailed description of the Portsdown 2019 hardware and a '''shopping list of what you need to buy and where to buy it'''.
*[[Assembling Portsdown 2019|Assembling your Portsdown]] How to put all the hardware together - '''you need to read this!'''
 
 
*[[Portsdown Displays]] Advice on what display to use with your Portsdown transmitter.
 
*[[Portsdown Displays]] Advice on what display to use with your Portsdown transmitter.
  
 
===Portsdown 2019 Software===
 
===Portsdown 2019 Software===
The Portsdown 2019 uses the same software as later versions of the Portsdown 2018 software and is based on the Rpi Stretch operating system.
+
 
 +
The Portsdown 2019 uses the same software as later versions of the Portsdown 2018 system which is known as Portsdown 2018/2019 and is based on the Raspberry Pi's Raspbian Stretch operating system.
 
*[[Portsdown 2018 Stretch Software|Portsdown 2018/2019 Stretch Software]] The latest and greatest software for the Portsdown and how to get a programmed SD card.
 
*[[Portsdown 2018 Stretch Software|Portsdown 2018/2019 Stretch Software]] The latest and greatest software for the Portsdown and how to get a programmed SD card.
*[[Portsdown software|Portsdown Jessie Software]] Detailed description of the older Portsdown software.
 
 
*[[Software capabilities and issues]] An up to date list is available here
 
*[[Software capabilities and issues]] An up to date list is available here
 
*[[Updating your Portsdown Software]] How to update your Portsdown software to the latest version, with suggestions for troubleshooting updates.
 
*[[Updating your Portsdown Software]] How to update your Portsdown software to the latest version, with suggestions for troubleshooting updates.
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===Initially configuring the system===
 
===Initially configuring the system===
  
====Waveshare 3.5 inch screen====
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Once you have completed your hardware build or have bought the RPi, display and LimeSDR Mini and just "want to try it", connect up the hardware and insert an pre-programmed SD card into SD slot on the RPi.
To get started, once you have an SD card with the Portsdown 2019 software loaded, simply put the card in the SD slot on the Rpi. 
+
 
 +
====Waveshare 3.5 inch and Official Raspberry Pi 7" screens====
  
If you have a Waveshare touch screen the Portsdown 2019 software is pre-configured ready to use and no initial configuration is required.  Connect the Waveshare 3.5 inch touchscreen (being careful to align the pins correctly) and apply power to the Rpi and the user interface should appear.
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A new or upgraded SD Card (version 201902070 or later) will also work out of the box with the either screen and is ready to use with no initial configuration required.  Connect the touchscreen (being very careful to align the pins on the Wavesahre correctly) and apply power to the RPi and the user interface menu 1 should appear.
  
====Element 14 7 inch screen or headless operation====
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====No Touchscreen or Advanced Options====
  
However if you do not have a waveshare screen or you wish to enter the system advanced set-up pages you will need to do an initial setup - see this guide for more details: [[Initial setup 2019]]
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If you do not have a Waveshare 3.5 inch screen or the Official Raspberry Pi 7" screen, or you wish to enter the system advanced set-up pages you will need to do an initial setup - see this guide for more details: [[Initial setup 2019]]
 +
 
 +
====LimeSDR Configuration====
 +
 
 +
The latest Portsdown software (201903250 and beyond) requires that all LimeSDR Minis purchased from the BATC Shop before 31 March 2019 be upgraded to Firmware Version 6, Gateware Version 1, revision 29.  You can do this from the Portsdown Menu 3, Lime Config, Update Lime FW.  You can then check the upgrade using the "Lime FW Info" button.  Note that you need to be connected to the internet during the update, otherwise it will fail.  LimeSDR USBs can be upgraded using the same procedure to Firmware Version 4, Gateware 2.20.  However, note that the Lime Report will fail for a LimeSDR USB, as it checks for a LimeSDR Mini.
 +
 
 +
The Lime configuration options are described here: [[Using_LimeSDR_with_Portsdown]].
 +
 
 +
====Using Portsdown with a LimeNET Micro====
 +
 
 +
The Portsdown software is being modified to support the use of a LimeNET Micro as a secondary alternative to the LimeSDR Mini.  These modifications are in software update 201907070 and are described here: [[Portsdown with the LimeNET Micro]].
  
 
===Controlling the Portsdown 2019 system===
 
===Controlling the Portsdown 2019 system===
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*[[Touchscreen mode]]  How to use your Portsdown transmitter using the Touchscreen LCD only
 
*[[Touchscreen mode]]  How to use your Portsdown transmitter using the Touchscreen LCD only
*[[Console mode]] Use this mode to configure your Portsdown and change pre-set configs (such as SR and Freq) used in touch screen buttons.
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*[[Console mode]] Use this mode to configure advanced settings such as WiFi or non-standard screens.
 
*[[Changing system setup]]  How to change Portsdown transmitter settings when in Touchscreen mode
 
*[[Changing system setup]]  How to change Portsdown transmitter settings when in Touchscreen mode
 
*[[QPSKRF or Ugly mode]]  Notes on this special test mode and the limitations when using it
 
*[[QPSKRF or Ugly mode]]  Notes on this special test mode and the limitations when using it
Line 65: Line 83:
 
*[[Still Capture from Composite Video Input]]  How to capture still images from a Composite Video input.
 
*[[Still Capture from Composite Video Input]]  How to capture still images from a Composite Video input.
 
*[[Hardware-only Transmit Switching]]  How to use the Portsdown without a Touchscreen or computer.
 
*[[Hardware-only Transmit Switching]]  How to use the Portsdown without a Touchscreen or computer.
*[[Portsdown Signal Generator]]  Not available yet on Portsdwon 2019
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*[[Portsdown Signal Generator]]  Not available yet on Portsdown 2019
 
*[[Calibrating the TouchScreen Alignment]]
 
*[[Calibrating the TouchScreen Alignment]]
 
*[[FreqShow]] Displaying the received frequency spectrum
 
*[[FreqShow]] Displaying the received frequency spectrum
 
*[[C920 Webcam|How to Use the C920 Webcam with the Portsdown]]
 
*[[C920 Webcam|How to Use the C920 Webcam with the Portsdown]]
 
*[[RTL-FM Receiver|An Integrated RTL-FM Audio Receiver]]
 
*[[RTL-FM Receiver|An Integrated RTL-FM Audio Receiver]]
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*[[The_Portsdown_Receiver|The Portsdown Receiver using the LongMynd software]]
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 +
===On line support / social media===
 +
 +
There is a Portsdown area on the BATC forum where the BATC core team and wider ATV community will answer your questions and posting results of the latest builds and on air tests.  https://forum.batc.org.uk/viewforum.php?f=103
 +
 +
Note that the BATC core team do not regularly visit Facebook pages - time is just too short to monitor everything and it's not easy to follow threads on Facebook.  If you need a question answered please post on the BATC forums first.
 +
 +
===Additional information===
 +
 +
Filters and driver amplifiers are not part of the Portsdown project but VERY important
 +
 +
* [[Filters]]
 +
* [[Power_amplifiers]]
 +
 +
The Portsdown user's community including a map showing where user locations
 +
 +
* [[Portsdown community]]

Latest revision as of 16:29, 17 June 2020

The Portsdown 2019 DATV system has been designed to provide an easy way to “get on air” with Digital ATV at a relatively low cost, covering all of the commonly used modes, thus enabling it to be used not only on ATV repeaters but also for RB-TV DX working.

Although still supported, the Portsdown 2019 system is no longer under active development. The Portsdown 2020 system provides some better features, at the expense of some older features which are no longer supported; full details here Portsdown 2020.

The 2019 Portsdown is significantly different to previous versions in that the system no longer uses the custom built Filter Modulator card which has been replaced with an off-the-shelf LimeSDR Mini. Overall the LimeSDR Mini is similar in cost to the F-M board as you no longer need an ADF4351 LO module and an LO filter PCB.

The LimeSDR Mini plugs in to the Raspberry Pi USB port, preferably via a powered USB hub and produces an RF output from ~ 30MHz to 3.5GHz.

This guide is in a number of sections which cover detailed descriptions for hardware and software, how to build and configure the system, some advanced features and an FAQ.

Specification

The Portsdown 2019 will accept video input from a composite video source, the Pi camera, some WebCams or integrated stored test cards. It will then encode these as MPEG-2 or H264 with stereo audio. Note that video sources must be connected during boot-up.

  • Frequency range - Using a LimeSDR Mini it will transmit DATV on frequencies between 30 MHz and 3.5 GHz.
  • Power output - Typical power output varies with frequency and is plotted here: LimeSDR_Mini_Output_Power_Levels. The power output level can be increased and leveled off the frequency range by using a Portsdown 8 way RF switch on the output.
  • Transmission modes - DVB-S and DVB-S2 modes are available from the LimeSDR Mini, with QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK and 32APSK.
  • Symbol rate - Due to the limited processing power and USB capability of the RPi, symbol rates are generally limited to 1MS and below (down to 66 KS), but some H264 modes will work at 2MS. Note the LimeSDR Mini hardware is capable of higher symbol rates when used with DATV Express software.

Hardware System Diagram

Here is the latest system diagram. Note that only one of the displays is required; either the 3.5 inch or 7 inch; the digital variable attenuator is only required if you want fine (<3 dB steps) control over your PA drive levels. The Lime Gain control on the Portsdown can be used to set the coarse output level.

20190511 Portsdown 2019 Block.jpg

Building the system

The Portsdown 2019 uses the majority of the 2018 Portsdown hardware.

  • Portsdown2019 hardware Detailed description of the Portsdown 2019 hardware and a shopping list of what you need to buy and where to buy it.
  • Portsdown Displays Advice on what display to use with your Portsdown transmitter.

Portsdown 2019 Software

The Portsdown 2019 uses the same software as later versions of the Portsdown 2018 system which is known as Portsdown 2018/2019 and is based on the Raspberry Pi's Raspbian Stretch operating system.

Initially configuring the system

Once you have completed your hardware build or have bought the RPi, display and LimeSDR Mini and just "want to try it", connect up the hardware and insert an pre-programmed SD card into SD slot on the RPi.

Waveshare 3.5 inch and Official Raspberry Pi 7" screens

A new or upgraded SD Card (version 201902070 or later) will also work out of the box with the either screen and is ready to use with no initial configuration required. Connect the touchscreen (being very careful to align the pins on the Wavesahre correctly) and apply power to the RPi and the user interface menu 1 should appear.

No Touchscreen or Advanced Options

If you do not have a Waveshare 3.5 inch screen or the Official Raspberry Pi 7" screen, or you wish to enter the system advanced set-up pages you will need to do an initial setup - see this guide for more details: Initial setup 2019

LimeSDR Configuration

The latest Portsdown software (201903250 and beyond) requires that all LimeSDR Minis purchased from the BATC Shop before 31 March 2019 be upgraded to Firmware Version 6, Gateware Version 1, revision 29. You can do this from the Portsdown Menu 3, Lime Config, Update Lime FW. You can then check the upgrade using the "Lime FW Info" button. Note that you need to be connected to the internet during the update, otherwise it will fail. LimeSDR USBs can be upgraded using the same procedure to Firmware Version 4, Gateware 2.20. However, note that the Lime Report will fail for a LimeSDR USB, as it checks for a LimeSDR Mini.

The Lime configuration options are described here: Using_LimeSDR_with_Portsdown.

Using Portsdown with a LimeNET Micro

The Portsdown software is being modified to support the use of a LimeNET Micro as a secondary alternative to the LimeSDR Mini. These modifications are in software update 201907070 and are described here: Portsdown with the LimeNET Micro.

Controlling the Portsdown 2019 system

Once the system is configured, you can control the Portsdown transmitter in one of 2 modes: by the use of the touchscreen or through the console using a second computer.

  • Touchscreen mode How to use your Portsdown transmitter using the Touchscreen LCD only
  • Console mode Use this mode to configure advanced settings such as WiFi or non-standard screens.
  • Changing system setup How to change Portsdown transmitter settings when in Touchscreen mode
  • QPSKRF or Ugly mode Notes on this special test mode and the limitations when using it
  • Setting up the WiFi How to set up the WiFi on the RPi3 Portsdown Transmitter

Advanced features

Portsdown 2019 is not just a DATV transmitter but has several advanced features which are or may be available in the future:

On line support / social media

There is a Portsdown area on the BATC forum where the BATC core team and wider ATV community will answer your questions and posting results of the latest builds and on air tests. https://forum.batc.org.uk/viewforum.php?f=103

Note that the BATC core team do not regularly visit Facebook pages - time is just too short to monitor everything and it's not easy to follow threads on Facebook. If you need a question answered please post on the BATC forums first.

Additional information

Filters and driver amplifiers are not part of the Portsdown project but VERY important

The Portsdown user's community including a map showing where user locations