The Portsdown 2019 DATV system has been designed to provide an easy way to “get on air” with Digital ATV at a relatively low cost covering all of the commonly used modes, so enabling it to be used on ATV repeaters but also for RB-TV DX working.
The 2019 Portsdown is significantly different to previous versions in that the system no longer uses the custom built Filter Modulator card which has been replaced with an off-the-shelf LimeSDR Mini.
The LimeSDR Mini plugs in to the Raspberry Pi USB port, preferably via a powered USB hub and produces an RF output from ~ 30MHz to 3.5GHz.
Overall the LimeSDR Mini is similar in cost to the F-M board as you no longer need an ADF4351 LO module and an LO filter PCB; it is available from the BATC shop https://batc.org.uk/shop/limesdr-mini/. This guide is in a number of sections which cover detailed descriptions for hardware and software, how to build and configure the system, some advanced features and an FAQ.
- 1 Portsdown 2018
- 2 Specification
- 3 Hardware System Diagram
- 4 Building the system
- 5 Portsdown 2019 Software
- 6 Initially configuring the system
- 7 Controlling the Portsdown 2019 system
- 8 Advanced features
- 9 On line support / social media
- 10 Additional information
If you would still like an F-M board, we suggest you post on the wanted section of the forum - https://forum.batc.org.uk/viewforum.php?f=14 - or blank PCBs for home construction are available here - BATC shop item 10.
All the wiki information on previous version of Portsdown are available here...
The Portsdown will accept video input from a composite video source, the Pi camera, some WebCams or integrated stored test cards. It will then encode these as MPEG-2 or H264 with stereo audio.
Using a LimeSDR Mini it will transmit DATV on frequencies between 30 MHz and 3.5 GHz. Typical power output varies with frequency and is plotted here: LimeSDR_Mini_Output_Power_Levels. DVB-S and DVB-S2 modes are available from the LimeSDR Mini, with QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK and 32APSK. Symbol rates are generally limited to 1000KS and below (down to 66 KS), but some H264 modes will work at 2MS.
Higher symbol rates (up to 5MS) are available from the Portsdown filter-modulator board, but only in DVB-S modes between 70 and 1500 MHz.
The Portsdown will also drive a DATV Express board to generate DVB-S signals from 70 MHz to 2450 MHz.
Hardware System Diagram
Here is the latest system diagram. Note that only one of the displays is required; either the 3.5 inch or 7 inch; the digital variable attenuator is only required if you want fine (<3 dB steps) control over your PA drive levels. The Lime Gain control on the Portsdown can be used to set the coarse output level.
Building the system
The Portsdown 2019 uses the majority of the 2018 Portsdown hardware.
- Portsdown2019 hardware Detailed description of the Portsdown 2019 hardware and a shopping list of what you need to buy and where to buy it.
- Assembling your Portsdown How to put all the hardware together - you need to read this!
- Portsdown Displays Advice on what display to use with your Portsdown transmitter.
Portsdown 2019 Software
The Portsdown 2019 uses the same software as later versions of the Portsdown 2018 system which is known as Portsdown 2018/2019 and is based on the Raspberry Pi's Raspbian Stretch operating system.
- Portsdown 2018/2019 Stretch Software The latest and greatest software for the Portsdown and how to get a programmed SD card.
- Software capabilities and issues An up to date list is available here
- Updating your Portsdown Software How to update your Portsdown software to the latest version, with suggestions for troubleshooting updates.
Initially configuring the system
To get started, once you have an SD card with the Portsdown 2019 software loaded, simply put the card in the SD slot on the RPi.
If you have a Waveshare touch screen the Portsdown 2019 software is pre-configured ready to use and no initial configuration is required. Connect the Waveshare 3.5 inch touchscreen (being careful to align the pins correctly) and apply power to the RPi and the user interface should appear.
Element 14 7 inch screen
A new or upgraded SD Card (version 201902070 or later) will also work out of the box with the 7 inch screen. It will start up and reboot to load the correct drivers the first time you use it, but after that will boot directly to Menu 1.
No Touchscreen or Advanced Options
If you do not have a Waveshare 3.5 inch screen or the Element 14 7 inch screen, or you wish to enter the system advanced set-up pages you will need to do an initial setup - see this guide for more details: Initial setup 2019
Controlling the Portsdown 2019 system
Once the system is configured, you can control the Portsdown transmitter in one of 2 modes: by the use of the touchscreen or through the console using a second computer.
- Touchscreen mode How to use your Portsdown transmitter using the Touchscreen LCD only
- Console mode Use this mode to configure advanced settings such as WiFi or non-standard screens.
- Changing system setup How to change Portsdown transmitter settings when in Touchscreen mode
- QPSKRF or Ugly mode Notes on this special test mode and the limitations when using it
- Setting up the WiFi How to set up the WiFi on the RPi3 Portsdown Transmitter
Portsdown 2019 is not just a DATV transmitter but has several advanced features which are or may be available in the future:
- Lean DVB receiver How to use the integrated RTL SDR based monitoring receiver - this is NOT the Portsdown receiver
- Streaming to the BATC Streamer How to use your Portsdown transmitter as a standalone streamer
- Controlling a DATVExpress How to use a Portsdown as a user interface for DATV Express
- Use With a DTX-1 How to use your Portsdown transmitter to transmit RB-TV with a DTX-1
- Feeding Video to Portsdown from vMix How to use vMix with your Portsdown transmitter
- Analog Video Output How to use your Portsdown as an Analog PAL Video Source
- Still Capture from Composite Video Input How to capture still images from a Composite Video input.
- Hardware-only Transmit Switching How to use the Portsdown without a Touchscreen or computer.
- Portsdown Signal Generator Not available yet on Portsdown 2019
- Calibrating the TouchScreen Alignment
- FreqShow Displaying the received frequency spectrum
- How to Use the C920 Webcam with the Portsdown
- An Integrated RTL-FM Audio Receiver
There is a Portsdown area on the BATC forum where the BATC core team and wider ATV community will answer your questions and posting results of the latest builds and on air tests. https://forum.batc.org.uk/viewforum.php?f=103
Note that the BATC core team do not regularly visit Facebook pages - time is just too short to monitor everything and it's not easy to follow threads on Facebook. If you need a question answered please post on the BATC forums first.
Filters and driver amplifiers are not part of the Portsdown project but VERY important
The Portsdown user's community including a map showing where user locations